The Kakinada District was formed on April 4th, 2022, by altering the boundaries of the existing East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh, India. The formation was executed by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh, in the exercise of the powers conferred by the Andhra Pradesh Districts (Formation) Act, 1974. The decision to form the district was taken in the interest of better administration and development of the area concerned.
1. Natural Background & Boundaries
Kakinada is a newly-formed district in Andhra Pradesh, India, located on the coast of the Bay of Bengal. It is bounded by Anakapalli district and Alluri Sitaramaraju district to the north, East Godavari district to the south, and Konaseema district to the west. The district spans a geographical area of 3,020 sq. km and has a total population of 2,092,000 people, with a population density of 693 per sq. km.
Kakinada district is divided into 2 revenue divisions, with headquarters in Kakinada and Peddapuram. The district consists of 21 revenue mandals and 21 mandal parishads, with 385 gram panchayats. In terms of municipal governance, Kakinada is the only municipal corporation in the district, while there are 4 municipalities and 2 nagar panchayats. The district has 395 inhabited villages and 20 uninhabited villages. According to the 2011 census, the Total population is about 20.92 lakhs and the Geographical area is 3020 Square KMs. It is one of the most populous districts in Andhra Pradesh with a population of 693 per Square Km.
3. Water Resources & Climate
The major rivers in the district include Godavari and Pushkara, and there are other rivers such as Yeleru, Thandava, and Pampa river channels that provide water to a specific area in the district. The climate is generally moderate, with temperatures ranging from 19.9 °C in January to a maximum of 38.9 °C in May. The district receives annual precipitation of 1,008 mm, with most of the rainfall (615.1 mm) happening in the South West Monsoon period (June-September), and the remaining (258.4 mm) in the North East Monsoon period (October-December).
4. Industrial & Economic Hub
Kakinada district has witnessed remarkable advancement in various developmental sectors, including agriculture, education, industry, and irrigation. To cater to the irrigation needs of the district, the proposed Polavaram Project on the Godavari River is going to play a crucial role in the district’s agriculture and other needs.
Kakinada District has earned a reputation as an education hub due to the presence of several prominent educational institutions. The district boasts of prestigious universities, engineering and medical colleges, polytechnic and industrial training institutes, and research centers. The quality of education in these institutions is highly appreciated, and the graduates are highly sought after by top companies. Some of the prestigious institutions are Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University in Kakinada, Rangaraya Medical College Kakinada, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade in Kakinada, Adikavi Nannaya University MSN Campus, Kakinada and several other private colleges in the district.
The Kakinada district is known as an industrial hub due to the presence of a diverse range of large and medium-scale industries. The district has major industries such as Rice, Sugar, Fertilizers, Paper, and Textiles, along with small-scale industries like agro-based industries, chemical, ceramic, light engineering, Non-Ferrous metals, and leather. The private sector has Textile manufacturing, Sugar Factories, and Paper and Paper products manufacturing units. The district is also home to two large-scale fertilizers and chemicals factories – Nagarjuna and Coromandel Fertilizers. Industrial Estates at Samalkota and Kakinada cater to the needs of several industries. Additionally, Kakinada has emerged as a hub for edible oil manufacturing industries.